C’è una sola cosa che rende Cannes superiore a Venezia.
E non sono le anteprime, i registi in concorso o il fascino della Croisette, che vive solo di cinema per i dieci giorni della rassegna.
E’ lo spazio riservato alle retrospettive ed al recupero del cinema del passato.
Mentre a Venezia da 10 anni si mettono in programma improbabili riscoperte di W la foca e simili, pagando un debito pesantissimo agli stracult di Marco Giusti, a Cannes si proiettano capolavori del passato magnificamente restaurati, per la gioia di ogni vero cinefilo, che può godersi finalmente in sala, film che spesso ha potuto vedere solo in dvd o magari in vhs.
Anche quest’anno Cannes Classics propone una serie di capolavori tutti da rivedere, a cominciare dal più bel film di Bernardo Bertolucci, Il Conformista – proiettato per festeggiare la Palma d’Onore conferita al maestro di Parma – per finire con la nuova copia di Arancia meccanica di Kubrick, passando per Méliès, Fassbinder, Rossellini, Schatzberg, Carnè, Petri.
La cosa avvilente, peraltro, è che molti di questi film sono stati restaurati proprio in Italia, dalla straordinaria Cineteca di Bologna, da Cinema Ritrovato e dal Museo del Cinema di Torino.
1. A Trip to the Moon (Le Voyage dans la lune) by Georges Méliès (France, 1902, 16′)
2. Clockwork Orange by Stanley Kubrick (USA, 1971, 137′)
3. The Machine to Kill Bad People (La Macchina Ammazzacattivi) by Roberto Rossellini (Italy, 1952, 80′)
4. A Bronx Tale by Robert De Niro (USA, 1993, 121′).
5. The Conformist (Il Conformista) by Bernardo Bertolucci (Italy, 1970, 118′)
6. Sugar Cane Alley (Rue Cases-Négres) by Euzhan Palcy (France, 1983, 106′)
7. Puzzle of a Downfall Child by Jerry Schatzberg (USA, 1970, 105′)
8. The Law of the Border (Hudutlarin Kanunu) by Lufti O. Akad (Turkey, 1966, 74′)
9. No Man’s Land (Niemandsland) by Victor Trivas (Germany, 1931, 81′).
10. The Children of Paradise (Les Enfants du paradis) by Marcel Carné (France, 1945, 190′)
11. Despair by Rainer Werner Fassbinder (Germany, 1978, 115′)
12. The Savage (Le Sauvage) by Jean-Paul Rappeneau (France, 1975, 106′)
13. Chronicle of a Summer (Chronique d’un été) by Jean Rouch and Edgar Morin (France, 1960, 91′)
14. The Assassin (L’Assassino) by Elio Petri (Italy, 1961, 100′)
And the following documentaries:
The Look by Angelica Maccarone (Germany / France, 2011, 95′)
Corman’s World: Exploits Of A Hollywood Rebel by Alex Stapleton (USA, 2011, 125′)
Belmondo … Itineraire by Vincent Perrot and Jeff Domenech (France, 2011, 86′)
Kurosawa’s Way (Kurosawa, la Voie) by Catherine Cadou (France, 2011, 52′)
Once Upon a Time … A Clockwork Orange (Il était une fois… Orange mécanique) by Antoine de Gaudemar and Michel Ciment (France, 2011, 52′)
Found: A Trip to the Moon (Le Voyage dans la lune)
The color version of Georges Méliès’ most famous film, A Trip to the Moon (1902) is visible again 109 years after its release: having been long considered lost, this version was found in 1993 in Barcelona. In 2010, a full restoration is initiated by Lobster Films, Gan Foundation for Cinema and Technicolor Foundation for Heritage Cinema. The digital tools of today allows them to re-assemble the fragments of 13 375 images from the film and restore them one by one. The premiere of the film will take place in May 2011 with an original soundtrack by AIR.
Tribeca Film Festival and the Jury President
Famous actor, active producer and accomplished director, Robert De Niro, President of the Jury of the 64th Cannes Film Festival, is also the co-founder of Tribeca Film Festival, born in response to the attacks of September 11th. It is therefore as colleagues that Robert De Niro and Jane Rosenthal, one of the co-founders, as well as the whole Tribeca team are welcomed by the Cannes Film Festival to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the event. A Special evening on Saturday May 14th, with a screening of A Bronx Tale, in the presence of Robert De Niro and the Tribeca team.
The Conformist (Il Conformista) by Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci, to whom the Festival will present the Palme d’Or of Honor at the opening ceremony, will present The Conformist, a restored print by the Cineteca di Bologna, Immagine Ritrovata and Minerva Rarovideo.
A Tribute to Jean-Paul Belmondo
Tuesday May 17th, one of the most prominent actors and most famous in French cinema (six films In Competition at Cannes) will receive a tribute by the world of cinema on the occasion of his visit to the Red Carpet. On this occasion, the documentary Belmondo… Itineraire by Vincent Perrot and Jeff Domenech (2011) will be screened and new prints of The Magnificent Secret Agent by Philippe de Broca (1973) and Greed In The Sun by Henri Verneuil (1973), will be screened at the Cinema de la Plage.
Puzzle of A Downfall Child by Jerry Schatzberg
Artist of the photo on the 64th Cannes Film Festival poster, Jerry Schatzberg (Palme d’Or for The Scarecrow in 1974) will present his first film, Puzzle of A Downfall Child, accompanied by Faye Dunaway.
Rarely seen on the big screen, the film will be presented in a new print struck by the studio Universal Pictures. In France, Carlotta Films will release the film next fall.
2011, a tribute to the Oversea Territories
2011 is banner year for the Oversea Territories. While the nation pays a solemn tribute to the great poet Aimé Césaire, the Ministry of Culture and the Festival de Cannes honor the island of Martinique, in the presence of director Euzhan Palcy, who will present her film, Sugar Cane Alley (Rue Cases-Nègres).
The World Cinema Foundation
In Cannes 2007, at a memorable press conference, Martin Scorsese and many filmmakers from around the world launched the World Cinema Foundation, established to restore and enhance the film heritage of countries which do not have the financial means to do so. Since then nearly twenty films have been saved and screened with a single and powerful idea: a renowned director supports the restoration of a film from the past. This year, the director Fatih Akin will present the little known Turkish film The Law of the Border (Hudutlarin Kanunu) by Lufti O. Akad, on a restored print by Immagine Ritrovata.
A Kubrick Event: A Clockwork Orange, a restored print for the 40th anniversary of the film
After several cities in the world, the Stanley Kubrick exhibition is in Paris this spring at the French Cinematheque. The Cannes Film Festival continues the Kubrick event and will screen, thanks to Warner Bros., a restored print of Clockwork Orange, which will also benefit from the presence of its star, Malcolm McDowell and which accompanies the re-release the film in a magnificent Blu-ray edition.
Also present: Christiane Kubrick, widow of the director, Jan Harlan, Kubrick’s former collaborator and author, in 2000, of Stanley Kubrick: A Life in Pictures.
The screening will take place Thursday, May 19th and the following day, Malcolm McDowell will give a Masterclass to be moderated by Michel Ciment, a renowned expert on Stanley Kubrick. The Masterclass will be followed by the premiere screening of Once Upon a Time… Clockwork Orange, a film by Antoine de Gaudemar and Michel Ciment, produced by Folamour Productions by Marie Genin and Serge July.
The Rossellini Project
Like Charlie Chaplin, Cannes 2011 will launch the restoration project of ten films by Roberto Rossellini (including Rome, Open City, L’Amore, Stromboli, and Germany Year Zero), a collaboration between Cinecittà Luce, CSC-Cineteca Nazionale, Cineteca di Bologna et Coproduction Office.
The first of these films is a little known work of Rossellini, released in 1952, between The Flowers of St. Francis and Europe 51: The Machine to Kill Bad People (The Macchina Ammazzacattivi). Digitally restored from the finest elements of the existing film.
The Children of Paradise (Les Enfants du Paradis)
After the presentation of Boudu Saved From Drowning by Jean Renoir and The Leopard by Luchino Visconti, Pathé and the Fondation Jérôme Seydoux-Pathé continue to visit the Pathé catalogue and return to Cannes Classics with a presentation of a restored and digitized print of The Children of Paradise by Marcel Carné, with dialogues by Jacques Prévert.
Rediscovery of Victor Trivas
Russian origin, Victor Trivas (1894-1970) had a great career as a writer which led him to collaborate in Germany, France and the USA with G.W. Pabst, Raymond Bernard, Orson Welles and Otto Preminger. As a director he is the author of In the Streets (1933) and, two years earlier, No Man’s Land (Niemandsland) which was blacklisted by the Nazi regime because of its pacifism, following which most prints were destroyed.
The French Film Archives and the CNC have found and restored Niemandsland, presented on a 35mm print.
Invitation to Jean-Paul Rappeneau
The cinema of the seventies should also be the subject of attention for rights holders and archives. So too should the work of Jean-Paul Rappeneau (born 1932), whose A Matter of Resistance was restored in 2010. The French Cinematheque, Studio Canal and the Franco American Cultural Fund continue their restoration work with the presentation of The Savage (Le Sauvage). The film will be screened in the presence of Jean-Paul Rappeneau and Catherine Deneuve.
Edgar Morin, filmmaker
In 1960, the philosopher Edgar Morin and filmmaker Jean Rouch, camera in hand, investigate France and French. The “How do we live in Paris” of 1960 refers to a question we could also ask in 2011, reflecting upon Jean Rouch’s ‘cinema-verite’, a further reflection about the new importance of images in the early 21st century. Critics Prize at Cannes in 1961, Chronicle of A Summer (Chronique d’un été) will be screened in the presence of Edgar Morin. The film is a restoration proposed by Argos Films and will be presented as a digital print.
The work of the prolific German filmmaker Fassbinder gradually finds its path to the public, in theaters or on DVD. And so this year we screen Despair, a restoration of the negative made possible by Marcus Clarén and Christophe Meiser of Bavaria Media GmbH. This English-language film by a German director will be presented at Cannes Classics in the presence of lead actress, Andrea Ferréol.
The Assassin (L’Assassino) by Elio Petri
Four times in Competition at Cannes in the past, multiple award winner and jury member, Elio Petri (1929-1982) is back on the screen of the Palais des Festivals with this film, in which we find the actors Marcello Mastroianni, Micheline Presle. Digital restoration carried out by the Museo Nazionale del Cinema di Torino.
Documentaries on Cinema
Films about movies are also films. Like a novelist writing a literary essay on the work of another writer, a filmmaker can tell in pictures the history of cinema. Each year, Cannes Classics focuses on these documentary films, which are also films.
Kurosawa’s Way (Kurosawa, la Voie) by Catherine Cadou (France, 2011, 52 ‘). This documentary on the life and work of Japanese master filmmaker, who died in 1998, was directed by his assistant and translator Catherine Cadou. It includes many unseen accounts of the work of Akira Kurosawa.
The Look by Angelica Maccarone (Germany / France 2011, 95 ‘). This film by and with Charlotte Rampling, traces the career of the actress, recalls her singular journey and her artistic affinities in contemporary cinema. Charlotte Rampling is part of the cast in Lars von Trier’s film, Melancholia.
Corman’s World: Exploits Of A Hollywood Rebel by Alex Stapleton (USA, 2011, 125′). A biography of film producer-director Roger Corman, legendary figure of the Hollywood anti-establishment. The documentary by Alex Stapleton visits the career of Roger Corman (director of Little Shop of Horrors, Machine Gun Kelly, the Edgar Allan Poe cycle), the man capable of directing or producing films in three days, to whom we owe the start of Jack Nicholson’s career (featured in the film), Martin Scorsese, Monte Hellman and many other personalities of American cinema.
Roger Corman in person will present Corman’s World: Exploits Of A Hollywood Rebel.